Feb 17, 2017
Key findings PDF Version
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
- Approximately one-half of U.S. adults consumed at least one sugar-sweetened beverage on a given day.
- Men consumed an average 179 kilocalories (kcal) from sugar-sweetened beverages, which contributed 6.9% of total daily caloric intake. Women consumed an average 113 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, which contributed 6.1% of total caloric intake.
- Young adults had the highest mean intake and percentage of daily calories from sugar-sweetened beverages relative to older adults.
- Non-Hispanic Asian men and women consumed the least calories and the lowest percentage of total calories from sugar-sweetened beverages compared with non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic men and women.
In this webinar we will clearly define the role of a data scientist. We will dive into how they use their skill set and create meaningful predictive models based on leading and lagging indicators. We will discuss how these models lead to actionable risk prevention outputs.
You will learn how companies with highly evolved safety cultures and programs are able to provide a high level of insight -- even to the point of being able to predict and prevent workplace injuries.
- How meaningful engagement drives predictive modeling
- What is the role of a data scientist
- How do data scientists use their skill set to create actionable predictive models
- How can modeling predict and prevent workplace injuries
- What actionable can a predictive model provide and what is the practical application of that information
Feb 16, 2017
Feb 15, 2017
Feb 13, 2017
Feb 10, 2017
U.S. Chemical Safety Board Investigators Deploying to Explosion at Packaging Corporation of America plant in DeRidder, Louisiana
Feb 9, 2017
Michael Best & Friedrich LLP: On February 6, 2017, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved Wisconsin's Multi-Discharger Variance (MDV) for Total Phosphorous. The MDV establishes an additional and less-costly compliance option for eligible point sources seeking relief from burdensome phosphorous discharge limitations. The EPA's approval of the MDV will last for a period of 10 years, but may be extended if the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) requests and receives an extension. In a draft version of its MDV Justification submission for the EPA, WDNR indicated that an extension will likely be necessary.
In 2010, the WDNR promulgated rules creating a phosphorous standard intended to reduce the amount of phosphorous entering the state's watersheds. Following approval by the EPA, those rules became the federally enforceable water quality standard upon which discharge limits for point sources are calculated. Complying with the new discharge standards proved to be an exceedingly difficult challenge, and many facilities sought approval for individual variances. As the number of facilities seeking variances increased, the state sought to streamline the process, which resulted in the development and passage of 2013 Wis Act 378.
Act 378, which became effective in 2014, directed the WDNR and the Wisconsin Department of Administration to investigate the costs associated with attaining the water quality standard for phosphorous and its impact on the state's economy. That study revealed that compliance with the phosphorous standard would result in "substantial and widespread adverse social and economic impacts to the state," prompting WDNR to request EPA approval for this MDV.
The MDV extends the timeline under which point sources must comply with phosphorous limits, including those based on a federally approved total maximum daily load (TMDL). To be eligible to apply for an MDV, a point source must be an existing facility that would require a major facility upgrade to comply with its phosphorous water quality-based effluent limitations (WQBEL). If a facility meets the eligibility criteria and requests an MDV, the facility's Wisconsin Pollution Discharge Elimination System (WPDES) permit will, upon approval, be modified or reissued with two important conditions. First, each point source must reduce its phosphorous load each five-year permit term. The final MDV approved by the EPA includes the following default limitations for each permit period:
- Permit term 1: 0.8 milligrams per liter (mg/L)
- Permit term 2: 0.6 mg/L
- Permit term 3: 0.5 mg/L
- Permit term 4: Phosphorus WQBEL
These default limitations may be adjusted if attainment is not feasible. Moreover, every five years the WDNR will review these interim phosphorous limitations to determine whether they are consistent with the highest attainable condition for the point sources and categories of point sources that are eligible for the variance.
A point source receiving an MDV must also implement a watershed improvement project to help reduce nonpoint source phosphorous pollution. These projects must include a binding, written agreement with either WDNR or other third parties to offset the amount of phosphorous by which the point source's discharge exceeds the target value. If a point source is located in a watershed for which a TMDL has been approved, its target value is the phosphorous discharge limitation included in its WPDES permit pursuant to the TMDL. If the point source is located in a watershed not subject to a TMDL, the target value is .02 mg/L. Alternatively, a point source may elect to pay its county Land Conservation Department $50 per pound of phosphorous discharged in excess of the target value. The per pound payment will be adjusted annually in proportion to any changes in the U.S. consumer price index for urban consumers. However, the per pound payment in effect when the permit is issued will apply for the full permit term.
Further information will be provided at a webinar hosted by the DNR, scheduled for 11 a.m. CDT on Monday, February 27, 2017.
Feb 8, 2017
TOXMAP maps the TRI chemicals reported to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as required by the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act (EPCRA).
A complete list of TRI chemicals required to be reported to the EPA can be found on their website.
Feb 3, 2017
Final Rule for Control of Communicable Diseases Uses International Quarantine Powers To Stop Outbreaks
CDC - The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published the final rule for the Control of Communicable Diseases on January 19th, 2017 which includes amendments to the current domestic (interstate) and foreign quarantine regulations for the control of communicable diseases. These amendments have been made in response to public comments received regarding the notice of proposed rulemaking published on August 15, 2016. This final rule improves CDC's ability to protect against the introduction, transmission, and spread of communicable diseases while ensuring due process. This rule will become effective on February 21st, 2017. The final rule is published on the Office of the Federal Register's website.
Response to public comments
HHS/CDC published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on August 15, 2016, and received 15,800 public comments from individuals, stakeholders, and other interested parties during the 60-day comment period.
These comments covered a range of topics, including concerns regarding:
- agreements between the CDC and persons subject to federal public health orders,
- forced vaccination or medical treatment,
- CDC's constitutional and statutory authority for carrying out quarantine and isolation,
- data collection from aircraft and vessel operators,
- people being quarantined for non-quarantinable illnesses,
- due process,
- electronic monitoring and surveillance of persons subject to federal public health orders,
- the proposed definition and requirement for airline and vessel operators to report an "ill person,"
- public health risk assessments being made by non-medically trained personnel,
- payment for hospital and other expenses for persons subject to federal public health orders, and
- the proposed definition of "indigent."
The Final Rule:
- Outlines the provisions to reflect input received from individuals, industry, state and federal partners, public health authorities, and other interested parties.
- Does not authorize compulsory medical testing, vaccination, or medical treatment without prior informed consent.
- Requires CDC to advise individuals subject to medical examinations that such examinations will be conducted by an authorized health worker and with prior informed consent.
- Includes strong due process protections for individuals subject to public health orders, including a right to counsel for indigent individuals.
- Does not expand CDC's authority beyond what is granted by Congress, nor does it alter the list of diseases subject to federal isolation or quarantine, which is established by an Executive Order of the President.
- Limits to 72 hours the amount of time that an individual may be apprehended pending the issuance of a federal order for isolation, quarantine, or conditional release.
- Provides the public with explicit information about how and where the CDC conducts public health risk assessments and manages travelers at US ports of entry.
For more information about the Final Rule, please visit the Office of the Federal Register's website.
NIOSH - Clearinghouse Showcases States' Health & Safety Publications
- Ever wonder which states track work-related heat illness or address it in different industries?
- Want to search OHB's 800 publications by keyword or browse them by language, industry, or health condition?
- Looking for data on safety hazards in a specific industry from other health or labor departments?
Check out the State-based Occupational Health Surveillance Clearinghouse!
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health or NIOSH supports California and other state health departments and universities to track and study work-related injuries and illnesses. NIOSH set up the Clearinghouse to promote public access to publications from over 25 states, including thousands of educational materials, data and case reports, studies, investigations, articles, and more.
You'll find publications on traumatic injury, musculoskeletal disorders, toxic exposures, health disparities, and other cross-cutting health and safety issues.
Source from CDPH - Occupational Health Branch
- More than 6,000 workers were identified with an elevated blood lead level.
- The majority were male, aged 20–59, and had a Hispanic surname.
- 60% of workers with BLLs ≥10 µg/dL worked in the manufacturing sector, followed by 14% in construction.
Long-term lead exposure at levels above 5–10 µg/dL increases the risk for health effects such as hypertension, kidney disease, cognitive dysfunction, and adverse reproductive outcomes.
Even higher blood lead levels continue to be a problem among California workers. Blood lead levels of 40 µg/dL and above were reported among workers in industries that handle lead-containing bullets and firearms, and metal-related and construction industries.
For more information, see the full report: Blood Lead Levels in California Workers, 2012–2014.
Feb 2, 2017
Abstract: Under TSCA EPA is now required to evaluate existing chemicals to determine whether they "present an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment." Under the conditions of use for each chemical, EPA will assess the hazard(s), exposure(s), and the potentially exposed or susceptible subpopulations(s) the Agency plans to consider. This information will be used to make a final determination as to whether the chemical presents an unreasonable risk.
This page links to the risk evaluation process and docket numbers for each chemical currently under evaluation.